Loose teeth are normal in childhood, but in adulthood, they result from chronic gum disease, gum recession, and accompanying bone loss. The attachment between the teeth and their supporting structures may be destroyed due to plaque and bacterial invasion of the area surrounding the teeth. When gum disease develops and is left untreated, the teeth will get wiggly and may eventually fall out.
Loose teeth are caused by bacteria under the gums that can lead to periodontal disease. When the disease progresses, the gum pockets become deeper due to the loss of the attachment structure. The bacteria present in both gingivitis and gum disease destroy the bone and gum tissues surrounding the teeth. Those bone and gum tissues are supposed to anchor the teeth in place.
Gum disease isn’t the only cause of loose teeth. A traumatic blow to the face can result in loose teeth as can occlusal trauma or excessive bite force. Primary occlusal trauma is often the result of bruxism or habitual grinding or clenching of the teeth. Loose teeth can also be caused by secondary occlusal trauma, which could occur when the teeth are subjected to normal forces but the ligaments have been compromised by severe bone loss.
Here are some signs that your dental health may be in trouble:
- Bleeding gums
- Painful gums
- Bleeding while brushing or flossing
- Pus in the areas surrounding a tooth
- Gum recession
- Presence of food debris between the teeth and under the gums
The symptoms that accompany loose teeth are common in active and severe gum disease. If you feel your teeth becoming loose, consult your dentist immediately to receive proper treatment.
Children should make a habit of strong oral care early in life in order to prevent gum disease that may result in tooth loss later in life. Children in the Beehive State should have annual dental checkups with a kids’ dentist in Utah. If they have cavities, they should get tooth fillings from Utah dental professionals to arrest deterioration and save the tooth.